Distributional analysis

Chomsky's "loss of generality in the formulation of the rule-governed regularities of the language."

From a discussion about "loss of generality" on the Funknet discussion list (http://lloyd.emich.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A2=ind0406&L=funknet&D=0&P=3622):

'The particular analysis which interests me is one I found in a historical
retrospective by Fritz Newmeyer and others "Chomsky's 1962 programme for
linguistics" (in Newmeyer's "Generative Linguistics -- A Historical
Perspective", Routledge, 1996, and apparently also published in "Proc. of the
XVth International Congress of Linguists".)

Newmeyer is talking mostly about Chomsky's "Logical basis of linguistic

The importance of Chomsky's arguments against the phoneme for American Structuralism

"...the real bone of contention was phonology and the phoneme concept, as Murray (1981:110-111) has pointed out; compare Archibald A. Hill's observation:

I think that if one can speak of partial survival [in the revolution of Chomskyan and post-Chomskyan linguistics], I have partially survived it. [...].I could stay with the Transformationalists pretty well, until they attacked my darling, the phoneme. I will never be a complete transformationalist because I am still a phonemicist. (Hill 1980:75)"


Similarity modeling

Similarity modeling - Similarity modeling uses the same parameters as distributional analysis, but it assumes nice clusters are not possible. Instead it makes ad-hoc analogies by averaging sets of properties, as required:

E.g. Dagan, Marcus, Markovitch '95: (p.g. 32, long version) "It has been
traditionally assumed that ... information about words should be
generalized using word classes ... However, it was never clearly shown
that unrestricted language is indeed structured in accordance with
this assumption."

(and previously on p.g. 4) "... our method assumes that