Meaning as process

Paul Hopper's Emergent Grammar

Berkeley Linguistics Society, vol. 13 (1987), 139-157

"I am concerned in this paper with the ... the assumption of an
abstract, mentally represented rule system which is somehow implemented when
we speak.

...'Culture is temporal, emergent, and disputed'
(Clifford 1986:19). I believe the same is true of grammar, which like speech
itself must be viewed as a real-time, social phenomenon, and therefore is
temporal; its structure is always deferred, always in a process but never
arriving, and therefore emergent; and since I can only choose a tiny fraction