AI as prediction

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Schmidhuber's "New AI"

Schmidhuber's "New AI" seeks to base AI in prediction. It benefits by being based purely on the theory of computation. It need thus only be generally computable and not necessarily regular:

http://www.idsia.ch/%7Ejuergen/newai/newai.html

Hutter Prize - Incompressibility of text

The Hutter Prize reflects that we cannot compress natural language by as much as we would expect:

"...in 1950, Claude Shannon estimated the entropy (compression limit)
of written English to be about 1 bit per character [3]. To date, no
compression program has achieved this level."
(http://cs.fit.edu/~mmahoney/compression/rationale.html)

It is inspired by the work of Marcus Hutter to show that compression can be used as a functional definition for intelligence.

The idea of the prize is the old one that we (can't predict, and thus

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