Wired editor Chris Anderson has written an article "The End of Theory" hints at broader issues such as our ability to abstract "truth" into theory, and the utility of drawing conclusions directly from data:
WIRED MAGAZINE: 16.07
The End of Theory
As I said in the Funknet thread where this article came up, I don't think this indicates an "End of Theory" so much as "the birth of the
theory that there can be lots more theories buried in a set of data than we've ever imagined we needed to look for before."