The importance of Chomsky's arguments against the phoneme for American Structuralism

"...the real bone of contention was phonology and the phoneme concept, as Murray (1981:110-111) has pointed out; compare Archibald A. Hill's observation:

I think that if one can speak of partial survival [in the revolution of Chomskyan and post-Chomskyan linguistics], I have partially survived it. [...].I could stay with the Transformationalists pretty well, until they attacked my darling, the phoneme. I will never be a complete transformationalist because I am still a phonemicist. (Hill 1980:75)"